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Calls for Rule, Britannia! to be banned from Last Night of the Proms

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One of the BBC‘s own columnists has called for Rule, Britannia! and Land of Hope and Glory’ to be scrapped from the corporation’s Last Night of the Proms concert because they are ‘crudely jingoistic’.

Richard Morrison – who studied music at Cambridge University and has been a BBC Young Musician of the Year judge – used his column in the BBC Music Magazine to claim it would be ‘insensitive, bordering on incendiary’ to chant the ‘nationalist’ songs this year in the wake of the Black Lives Matter movement. 

He took aim at the traditional – and popular – patriotic pieces, and called for a ‘toe-curling embarrassing anachronistic farrago of nationalistic songs’ to be replaced  with a ‘more reflective’ finale which doesn’t ‘provoke offence or ridicule’  – but stopped short of proferring any suggestions. 

Instead, the BBC should transform The Proms finale so it ‘reflects the attitudes of its 21st-century performers and audiences, not their Edwardian predecessors’. 

The column has sparked a furious backlash, with Tory MP Philip Davies branding it ‘extremist, virtue signalling views.’

He told MailOnline: ‘This is the kind of metropolitan left wing political correct drivel which is so prevalent at the BBC that makes it so out of touch with the country at large.

‘The sooner the licence fee is abolished and we are no longer forced to pay for these extremist virtue signalling views to be rammed down our throats at our own cost the better.’  

The Last Night of the Proms held at London's Royal Albert Hall has been described as a 'toe-curling embarrassing anachronistic farrago of nationalistic songs' and should be changed to consider

The Last Night of the Proms held at London's Royal Albert Hall has been described as a 'toe-curling embarrassing anachronistic farrago of nationalistic songs' and should be changed to consider

The Last Night of the Proms held at London’s Royal Albert Hall has been described as a ‘toe-curling embarrassing anachronistic farrago of nationalistic songs’ and should be changed to consider

Richard Morrison, pictured, said many of the songs can no longer be deemed acceptable to modern audiences

Richard Morrison, pictured, said many of the songs can no longer be deemed acceptable to modern audiences

Richard Morrison, pictured, said many of the songs can no longer be deemed acceptable to modern audiences

Flag-waving crowds will be absent from London’s Royal Albert Hall during this year’s socially-distanced summer season of concerts due to the Coronavirus outbreak.

But Morrison says the Proms should take the opportunity to do away with what many will consider to be the concert’s most stirring moments.

He wrote: ‘When I look around me – particularly at the people sitting in the posh seats whom I’ve never seen at any other Proms – and realise that I can detect absolutely no sign of irony as they roar out these crudely jingoistic texts.

‘On the contrary, they seem to mean every single word. And even if they don’t, what comes across to the worldwide TV audience is a stereotype of Little England that was already being lampooned when I first went to the Proms half a century ago.’

Writing in the BBC Music Magazine, Morrison said: ‘With massed choirs and a packed, flag-waving audience ruled out on medical grounds, there will never be a better moment to drop that toe-curling embarrassing anachronistic farrago of nationalistic songs that concludes the Last Night of the Proms.

‘And I don’t meant drop them just for this year. I mean forever.

‘They form a kind of unholy trinity: Jerusalem, Land of Hope and Glory and Rule, Britannia!

‘Jerusalem I can just about endure, though I think the questioning, almost incredulous nuances of William Blake’s words are being massively misunderstood if they are hurled out like a football chant.

‘But the other two? Each year I try to convince myself that they are being performed ‘ironically’. After all, there can’t be many people in 2020 who think that Britain really does rule the waves or that God will make us ‘mightier still’ with each passing epoch. How else could you sing those words, except as history re-enacted as farce?’

Rule, Britannia! lyrics

Rule, Britannia! Britannia, rule the waves!

Britons never, never, never shall be slaves.

When Britain first, at heaven’s command,

Arose from out the azure main,

This was the charter of the land,

And Guardian Angels sang this strain:

The nations not so blest as thee

Must, in their turn, to tyrants fall,

While thou shalt flourish great and free:

The dread and envy of them all.

Still more majestic shalt thou rise,

More dreadful from each foreign stroke,

As the loud blast that tears the skies

Serves but to root thy native oak.

Thee haughty tyrants ne’er shall tame;

All their attempts to bend thee down

Will but arouse thy generous flame,

But work their woe and thy renown.

To thee belongs the rural reign;

Thy cities shall with commerce shine;

All thine shall be the subject main,

And every shore it circles, thine.

The Muses, still with freedom found,

Shall to thy happy coasts repair.

Blest isle! with matchless beauty crowned,

And manly hearts to guard the fair.

Rule, Britannia! Britannia, rule the waves!

Britons never, never, never shall be slaves

 

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Morrison says the broadcaster needs the ‘courage’ to reshape the Last Night of the Proms after a missed opportunity in 2001 when the Last Night of the Proms was held four days after 9/11.

The BBC ‘sensibly replaced’ songs with more ‘reflective music’ but restored its usual programme the following year, he claims.

The Times’ chief music critic adds: ‘The line announcing that ‘Britons never will be slaves’ evokes associations that strike me as totally unacceptable in 2020.

‘Yes historians will point out that in 1740, when James Thompson wrote those words for Thomas Arne to set in his patriotic masque Alfred, there was a real danger that the British would be enslaved by more powerful continental nations, not to mention Barbary pirates. A strong Royal Navy was a guarantee of the nation’s liberty.

‘But Britain’s maritime power was also being used for a mush nastier purpose: to transport captive Africans, in wretched conditions, across the Atlantic to the American colonies.

‘That was the hugely profitable outcome of Britannia ‘ruling the waves’: ensuring that hundreds of thousands of other people were turned into slaves, even if Briton’s weren’t.

‘In the wake of the Black Lives Matter protests and the toppling of the statue of the slave trader Edward Colston in Bristol, it would surely be insensitive, bordering on incendiary, to roar out these hypocritical 18th-century words, with or without irony.’

The Black Lives Matter organisation has had a significant impact in Britain, with high profile displays by premiership footballers and England cricketers supporting the organisation. 

Even the Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) has began an investigation into stop and search policies and the use of force by police. 

Campaigners complain young black men are fare more likely to be stopped and searched than their white neighbours. 

Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Cressida Dick, this week apologised to British sprinter Bianca Williams for the ‘distress’ caused when she and her partner were stopped by police. Nothing was found in the search.

IOPC director general Michael Lockwood said :’Evidence of disproportionality in the use of police powers has long been a concern which impacts on confidence in policing, particularly in the BAME communities. 

The Last Night of the Proms features songs such as Rule, Britannia!, Land of Hope and Glory and Jerusalem to an audience of flag-waving fans

The Last Night of the Proms features songs such as Rule, Britannia!, Land of Hope and Glory and Jerusalem to an audience of flag-waving fans

The Last Night of the Proms features songs such as Rule, Britannia!, Land of Hope and Glory and Jerusalem to an audience of flag-waving fans

‘But even with the numbers and the statistics, particularly from stop and search data, we still need to better understand the causes and what can and should be done to address this.’ 

Black people were more than eight times more likely to be stopped and searched than white people in 2016-17, according to a 2018 study by drugs charity Release and the London School of Economics.

Land of Hope and Glory lyrics 

Land of Hope and Glory

Mother of the Free

How shall we extol thee

Who are born of thee?

Wider still, and wider

Shall thy bounds be set;

God, who made thee mighty

Make thee mightier yet!

Dear Land of Hope, thy hope is crowned

God make thee mightier yet!

On Sov’ran brows, beloved, renowned

Once more thy crown is set

Thine equal laws, by Freedom gained

Have ruled thee well and long;

By Freedom gained, by Truth maintained

Thine Empire shall be strong

Thy fame is ancient as the days

As Ocean large and wide:

A pride that dares, and heeds not praise

A stern and silent pride

Not that false joy that dreams content

With what our sires have won;

The blood a hero sire hath spent

Still nerves a hero son

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Police forces currently deal with the majority of complaints where discrimination is alleged themselves, about 32,000 a year, according to the IOPC, but the watchdog will now take on more of these.

As well as looking at stop and search and use of force, the IOPC will review how forces treat allegations of hate crime against BAME communities and allegations that police do not treat BAME victims of crime, as victims.

In 1999, the Met Police were branded institutionally racist for their bungling of a high-profile racially motivated killing of a black teenager, Stephen Lawrence, six years earlier.

The report, and subsequent public outcry, led to an overhaul of the force. 

The BBC Proms is planning a ‘virtual’ opening of its six-week classical music extravaganza this year amid the coronavirus crisis. 

A new schedule has been drawn up with a ‘unique’ first night on July 17 after the original programme for its 125th year was scrapped due to the coronavirus pandemic.

More than 350 musicians will be heard together in a new ‘mash-up’ of Beethoven’s nine symphonies after recording their part from home.

But the Royal Albert Hall will be home to live performances, potentially with an audience, in the final fortnight of the season, from August 28.

The ability to host spectators will depend on Government advice at the time.

Performers, from soloists to ensembles, will be booked nearer the time when social distancing rules for the period are clear.

The BBC said the concerts will ‘feature some of the greatest musicians of our time alongside emerging talent’.

The Last Night Of The Proms, to air on BBC One and BBC Two, will be ‘poignant’, ‘unique’ and designed to ‘bring the nation together’.

Live performances will be broadcast on BBC Radio 3, BBC Four and iPlayer.

The first night will mark the 250th anniversary year of Beethoven’s birth, marked by a ‘mash-up’ created by composer, arranger and pianist Iain Farrington.

All five BBC orchestras – the BBC Symphony Orchestra, BBC Philharmonic, BBC Concert Orchestra, BBC National Orchestra Of Wales and BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra – will take part as well as BBC singers.

The recordings will be brought together digitally and a filmmaker will be hired to bring the ‘Grand Virtual Orchestra’ to life.

BBC Radio 3 will also air previous Proms concerts from the archive and is asking listeners for their favourite moments, while BBC Four will broadcast stand-out Proms each Sunday throughout the festival.

The BBC said: ‘The current situation with Covid-19 means the season we had originally planned is sadly no longer possible.

‘Instead the Proms in 2020 have been re-conceived in a different format, but our aim remains the same – to create the world’s greatest classical music festival by reflecting world-class music-making from leading artists around the globe, highlighting emerging talent, and featuring work by some of today’s most exciting and innovative composers.’

BBC Proms director David Pickard said: ‘These are challenging times for our nation and the rest of the world, but they show that we need music and the creative industries more than ever.

‘This year it is not going to be the Proms as we know them, but the Proms as we need them.

‘We will provide a stimulating and enriching musical summer for both loyal Proms audiences and people discovering the riches we have to offer for the first time.’

The BBC Proms runs from July 17 to September 12. 

What is the history of Rule, Britannia and Land of Hope and Glory? 

Rule, Britannia originates from the poem of the same name by Scottish poet and playwright James Thomson, and was set to music by English composer Thomas Arne in 1740.

It gained popularity in the UK after it was first played in London in 1745 and became symbolic of the British Empire, most closely associated with the British Navy.

The song has been used as part of a number of compositions, including Wagner’s concert overture in D Major in 1837 and Beethoven’s orchestral work, Wellington’s Victory.

The song has traditionally been sung at the Last Night of the Proms concert

The song has traditionally been sung at the Last Night of the Proms concert

The song has traditionally been sung at the Last Night of the Proms concert

The song has been an integral part of the annual Remembrance Day ceremony since 1930, when it became the first song played in the programme known as The Traditional Music.

It regained popularity at the end of WWII in 1945 after it was played at the ceremonial surrender of the Japanese imperial army in Singapore.

Rule, Britannia is usually played annually during at the BBC’s Last Night of the Proms.

But its inclusion has promoted controversy in recent years as it was deemed too patriotic.

The song ‘Land of Hope and Glory’ is based on the trio theme from Elgar’s Pomp And Circumstance March No. 1, which was originally premiered in 1901. 

It caught the attention of King Edward VII after it became the only piece in the history of the Proms to receive a double encore.

King Edward suggested that this trio would make a good song, and so Elgar worked it into the last section of his Coronation Ode, to be performed at King Edward’s coronation.   

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